Opinion: Options for effective management of public affairs for a better Somalia.

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Saturday February 13, 2016 - 22:15:37 in Latest News by Super Admin
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    Opinion: Options for effective management of public affairs for a better Somalia.

    Somalia remains a country with high economic potentials with its extended coastal strip but Somali Federal Government policies remain far removed from the people due to the extensive divisions and interests.

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Photo: Courtesy of Garad Yusuf Mohamud
Somalia remains a country with high economic potentials with its extended coastal strip but Somali Federal Government policies remain far removed from the people due to the extensive divisions and interests.


A lack of integration of the militia groups and low levels of awareness combined with high levels of brokerage of state processes, limits the state potentials property ownership, trade and businesses with the State, military and economic aid to the Somali Federal Government regime all present grounds for deepened negotiations with the clan and traditional authority leaders. The challenges for the Somali Federal Government are far too many to surmount, especially, as there is a lack of clear state policies and guidelines on engagements and militias still acting as go-betweens, specifically from Mogadishu to Kismayu.

However, due to the potentials that Somalia has, the international community quickly recognised the new government and in September 2013, the US pledged about $2.5 billion in a ‘New Deal’ conditioned on greater transparency and governance reforms. If allocated efficiently, this money could be a boon to the country and its people. Nonetheless, many already feel left out of the state processes and find that the policies are not permitting people to engage despite their wiliness to do so.

Further, a lot of taxes and fees on trade transiting through ports and airports in Somalia are not accounted for due to corrupt officials, businessmen, and the local clan powers. Much of what these ports and airports generate isnot known or documenteddespite Mogadishu slowly stabilising itself with thousands of diaspora residents returning to do business.

Somalia remains an extremely poor, weak and fragile country. With the Somali Federal Government still generating very few of its own resources, and with entrenched clans and clannism in control of the means of revenue generation, thus, the state needs continued support. Prioritisation of nation-wide negotiations on the type of federalism that the Somali Federal Government could implement while accommodating the centralists, fed-eralists and clans’ interests would be important. Incongruent policies to manage many diverse interests won’t be sustainable in the long run.

To avoid this approach, the federal system remains the hard path to follow with integration of the militia into the state system and structures, and with the sub-clans having their representatives in the deepened and further devolved Federal System. The formulae to share power from the centre, where the presidency and the prime ministry is, with the peripheries, where the clans and traditional leaders are, should keep on being sought; with recognition and appreciation of the divergent views being presented by those supporting a centralised and unified Somalia and those supporting a federalised system with the recognition of the clan interests, to avoid further conflicts.

 

The long journey should be made by Somalis, with the necessary support from the international community this should be emboldened with avenues towards national security and economic justice in identified areas, both in the urban and rural areas. Of much importance is the restructuring of the relationship of the rest of Somalia with Mogadishu as the capital city and creation of urban centres that could serve as pillars of the new Somalia to attract investments and investors.

Garad Yusuf Mohamud is a graduate of Faculty of Social Science, also an MP at Galmudug State of Somalia. Mr. Mohamud is a Researcher and Author of Politics & Socio-economics

Tell: +252615540485 Email: Garaadsomali@gmail.comSkype: Garaadsomali Twitter: @ Garaadsomali Facebook: Garad Yusuf Mohamud




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